It is capable of propagation in two ways: by seed, or by the formation of roots when a stem touched the ground. This allows the plant to reproduce asexually even when conditions may not be right for flowers to form. When it does flower and fruit, up to 500,000 seeds can be produced. These seeds can remain dormant in the soil for up to 15 years, so it can appear years after it was thought to have been eradiicated. The fruits are appealing to birds and mammals which carry the seeds to new locations.
Diese Wildrose ist ebenso selten wie dekorativ:
In üppigen Dolden stehend erscheinen den ganzen Sommer über bis in den Herbst hinein die relativ großen Blüten in kräftigem, in der Mitte aufgehelltem Rosa. Später bilden sich zahlreiche rote Hagebutten. Mit kräftigem Wuchs und überhängenden Trieben wird der Strauch etwa 1,5 m hoch und breit; er ist gesund, gut winterhart und verträgt auch Halbschatten.
Für Hecken und als Solitärstrauch geeignet.
....nicht nur im Netz, wo eine Bildersuche eine Flut auslöst...
....sondern auch bei uns in der heimischen Landschaft
eine sehr wilde Rose.
Wer sich etwas umschaut, kann dann solche Urteile über diesen fernöstlichen Einwanderer erfahren:
After R. multiflora invades an area, it often creates dense thicket, preventing light from shining through. The native vegetation often dies as a result. The habitats that are created are now monocultures.. This dramatically reduces foraging quality for both animals that consume it and those that did not adapt to the introduced fruit. Aside from the threats to wildlife, the invasion of this plant affects our livelihoods. When these thickets form, they create impenetratable walls that may block our access from once walkable areas. Even designated recreational and park trails have been affected. Pasture land has been overtaken, preventing cattle or horses from grazing.
Aber auch bei Reinhard Witt wird uns vor der Verwilderung dieser Rosenart gewarnt.
Mit der Pflanzung auf jeden Fall im Garten und innerhalb des Siedlungsraum bleiben und nicht in freie Landschaft pflanzen. Verwilderungen und Einbürgerungen in freie Natur finden bereits statt.
Was wiederum die Artenvielfalt veringern kann.
Besser ist es auf Sorten auszuweichen....
Überm Atlantik wurde massiv gepflanzt gegen Winderosion, als Weidezaun und endlose Straßenkilometer...weil die Rose so nützlich ist.
Eine unter vielen anderen Arten ja !
Aber wie immer bleibt uns die Monokultur-Raubtiermentalität im Halse stecken.
Solcherart vorgewarnt, muß ich mir jetzt überlegen, ob in meiner privaten Wildnis gleiches gilt.
Schließlich hat sich hier Rosa Canina schon als invasiv entpuppt.
Und Rosa Gallica steht ihr in nichts nach.
Die stachellosen Unterlagen, die ich aus anderen Gärten bekam,
werden doch wohl kaum...oder doch...
Im Töpfchen sind sie ganz zahm.
Rosa multiflora, Vielblütige Rose
Entstehungsjahr/Einführungsjahr: 1862, Korea, Japan
Wuchs: drahtig, kleiner Rambler oder locker überhängender Strauch
Blätter: mittelgrün, ledrig weich, glänzend
Blüten: kleine, einfache Blüten, aufrechte Büschel, duften fruchtig, einmalblühend
Hagebutten: klein, orangefarben
Standort: Sonnig, luftig, winterhart
Pflege: sehr Mehltau-anfällig, muß behandelt werden
The Multiflora Ramblers are a diverse bunch and much of the colour spectrum is represented among them, from white through to purple. In size they are also well spread with some neatly proportioned members that would be good if used for natural tumbling ground cover to some very tall indeed. The latter tall ones are useful for growing through the branches of trees where they will fight to reach the light at the outer edges of the trees crown.
‘Aglaia’ (‘Yellow Rambler’) Bunches of semi-double, medium sized flowers in shades of yellow paling to cream. They have a slight fragrance. Growth is relatively thornless and covered in light green foliage with bronze tints. Summer flowering it is both tolerant of poor soils and shade.
2.5 x 1.8m 8 x 6’ SCHMITT France 1896
‘Apple Blossom’ Large clusters of small pink tinged white blooms appear en masse in mid summer. Leaves are rich green, copper tinted as is the wood. Few thorns. Summer flowering and tolerant of shade and poor soil.
3 x 1.8m 10 x 6’ BURBANK USA 1932
‘Astra Desmond’ Small pure white flowers are semi double and borne in tumbling trusses. Very floriferous. Foliage is mid to bright green and healthy on very vigorous growth. A good rose, summer flowering and can manage if placed in shade or in less than the best soil.
3 x 1.8m 10 x 6’ BURBANK USA 1932
‘Bleu Magenta’ Many small deep, glowing purple flowers are double and borne in bunches. They have a delicate perfume. Foliage is dark, healthy and abundant on pliable wood with few thorns. Slightly later flowering than many and manages okay in poorer soils and in shade.
3.5 x 3m 12 x 10’ RAISER UNKNOWN circa 1900
‘Blush Rambler’ Semi double blooms are at first bright pink with hints of lemon and white at their centres fading with age to pinkish white. In large clusters against light green foliage on pliable growth that is generally thorn free.
3.5 x 3m 12 x 10’ B. R. Cant UK 1903
‘Bobbie James’ The pure white flowers of this rambler are a little larger than most of it’s type. They are somewhere between single and semi double with golden stamens at their centre. In bunches they are set against good, healthy rich green leaves. Very vigorous, an ideal climber for a tree where the colour of the flowers stands out well. Many nasty hooked thorns. Will cope with nearly any situation.
9 x 6m 30 x 20’ SUNNINGDALE NURSERIES UK 1961
‘De La Grifferaie’ This rose is included here more for it’s past than present day garden worthiness. Often used as an understock, hence it is found in many old gardens and is often sent to us for identification. Double blooms of a sort of dirty purple pale as they age to a lavender pink with a few white blotches. Tough foliage. Summer flowering.
2.5 x 1.2m 8 x 4’ VIBERT France 1845
‘Francis E.Lester’ A vigorous but not invasive rambler. Large clusters of single, white edged pink flowers with a strong perfume. Ideal as a small tree climber or for covering a trellis. We have a specimen of this in our gardens growing with a dark purple, large flowered clematis, together they are a splendid contrast to one another. Small hips in autumn.
4.5 x 3m 15 x 10' LESTER ROSE GARDENS USA 1946
‘Ghislaine de Féligonde’ Can be grown as a large tumbling shrub but it comes into it’s own in my mind when grown as a small climber against trellis. About the right size to plant as suggested in front of an oil tank. Blooms are small and like little cushions, apricot orange to buff. Large leaves are glossy and the ideal backdrop to the flowers which are repeating in their performance. Healthy and virtually thornless.
2.5 x 2.5m 8 x 8’ TURBAT France 1916
‘Goldfinch’ A lovely rose. Foliage is healthy and glossy, an ideal foil for the soft yellow to buff blooms. These are seni-double, not overly large, open with amber anthers and are borne in clusters. Summer flowering and tolerant of many difficult garden positions.
2.5 x 1.5m 8 x 5’ W.PAUL UK 1907
‘Hiawatha’ Bright red single blooms have a white eye. They are gathered in bunches on a vigorous plant with light green foliage. Not the prittiest of roses, infact I find it’s over-all demeanour rather cumbersome.
4.5 x 3.5m 15 x 12’ WALSH USA 1904
‘Lauré Davoust’ (Marjorie W. Lester’) Initially bright pink the small cupped blooms pale through softer shades until they are eventually white. Upright in growth this is a useful small climber or with support, garden shrub.
3 x 2.5m 10 x 8’
‘Leuchtstern’ Single pink blooms pale towards their centres and are borne in nodding clusters. Medium green foliage is healthy and ample. Can be useful although little known. Tolerant of poor soil and shade.
3 x 2.5m 10 x 8m J.C.SCHMIDT Germany 1899
‘Mme d’Arblay’ A cross between Rosa multiflora and Rosa moschata that is not frequently seen. Blush pink flowers pale to white, in bunches their petals are arranged in a rether muddled manner. A rambler of medium vigour, capable of getting quite tall with dark green foliage. Summer flowering.
6 x 6m 20 x 20’ WILLS UK 1835
‘Madeleine Selzer’ (‘Yellow Tausendschőn’) From creamy yellow buds emerge double cushion like blooms of white. Borne in clusters at various stages of opening within the cluster they are gently scented. Foliage good. Summer flowering and able to cope in poor soil.
3 x 1.8m 10 x 6’ WALTER France 1926
‘Mrs F. W. Flight’ small, semi-double flowers are rose pink in large clusters. Very floriferous. The plant itself is not huge and can be grown as a large shrub with support.
2.5 x 1.8m CUTBUSH UK 1905
‘Paul’s Scarlet’ Cupped, double bright red in small clusters or occasionally as solitary blooms. Foliage is dark and generally healthy, stems have few thorns. Very popular in the first half of the twentieth century.
3 x 2.5m 10 x 8’ W. PAUL UK 1916
‘Phyllis Bide’ Small, almost cupped blooms with petals that seem to have emerged randomly. Various colours exist within the blooms, yellow, apricot, pink and cream and sometimes subtle mixes of them all. Repeat flowering. Foliage is small, probably bears relation with the Chinas. Tolerant of most garden positions, even a north facing wall.
3 x 1.8m 10 x 6’ BIDE UK 1923
‘Rambling Rector’ Sometimes called Shakespeare’s Musk this really is a stunning rose with the capability of reaching through the branches of very tall trees. Big bunches of creamy white small flowers with prominent stamens. These are followed by small hips in the autumn. Leaves are small, grey green and abundant. Tolerates just about any where in the garden. Hugely vigorous sending out long canes of growth for the following season’s flowers.
6 x 4.5m 20 x 15’ A ROSE OF CONSIDERABLE AGE.
‘Rose Marie Viaud’ A vigorous rambler producing clusters of rich violet to purple, small double blooms. Foliage is light green and growth relatively thornless. Vigorous, summer flowering and tolerant of many difficult garden situations.
4.5 x 1.8m 15 x 6’ IGOULT France 1924
‘Russelliana’ (‘Old Spanish Rose’, Russell’s Cottage Rose’, ‘Scarlet Greveillei’) Dark green leaves and thorny stems create the back drop for medium sized crimson to purple, double blooms. Of average vigour and summer flowering, and tolerant of most situations.
3 x 3m 10 x 10’ POSSIBLY SPAIN 1840 BUT CERTAINLY OLD
‘Seagull’ The single, pure white flowers are held in large trusses with prominent golden stamens. Very vigorous and capable of enormous climbing feats it is ideal for trees, scrambling through hedges or for covering eyesores such as tumble down garden buildings. Grey green leaves cover the vigorous growth well. Copes with shade and other difficult places in the garden.
7.5 x 4.5m 25 x 15’ PRITCHARD UK 1907
‘Tausendschőn’ (‘Thousand Beauties’) Large double flowers in bunches are pink with white at the centre. Relatively thorn free shoots are well dressed in mid-green foliage. Summer flowering this cultivar will be okay in less than fertile soil.
3 x 2.5m 10 x 8’ J. C.SCHMIDT Germany 1906
‘Tea Rambler’ The flowers of average size are pale pink with hints of salmon and lemon. Fragrant. A plant of vigour with mid green foliage. Summer flowering.
4.5 x 2.5m 15 x 8’ W.PAUL UK 1904
‘Thalia’ (‘White Rambler’) Not a very well known member of this group. White flowers are semi double with a good fragrance. They are produced in large bunches. Growth is vigorous with mid green glossy foliage. Summer flowering.
3.5 x 2.5m 12 x 8’ SCHMITT France, Introduced by P. LAMBERT Germany 1895
‘Trier’ Can be grown as a shrub but I consider it best as a climber. Creamy yellow blooms have only a few petals in trusses. Foliage is small on upright growth. Makes a good pillar rose. Repeat flowering.
2.5 x 1.8m 8 x 6’ P. LAMBERT Germany 1904
‘Veilchenblau’ Many small semi double, purple to mauve blooms with white at their centres and odd white flecks. They tend to fade with age to purple grey. They are scented if not over-poweringly so. Growth is vigorous and pliable and amply clothed in good mid green leaves. Makes a good smaller tree climber or hedge scrambler. Summer flowering.
3.5 x 2.5m 12 x 8’
‘Violette’ A lovely rose with small, semi double, bright, rich violet coloured flowers with prominent golden stamens. Foliage is good, mid bright green. Vigorous growth with few thorns. Gets on okay in shade and in poor soils.
4.5 x 3m 15 x 10’ TURBAT France 1921
Bildersuche im Netz:
Von R.multiflora überflutet
R. multiflora grows naturally in many parts of Japan. Among the white-flowered wild roses growing in this country, only this rose has no pubescence on the surface of its united styles of pistils,
so it is easy to determine its identity if we examine the flower with a magnifying glass. As its epithet indicates, the feature of R. multiflora is its big panicles with many flowers. However,
there are a considerable number of local variations. In general, those found in northern areas, especially those in the Tohoku district on the Sea of Japan side, bear large flowers and
inflorescences, which gradually become smaller in size as we come down to southern areas. The average size of the flower is between 1.8 and 2.3 cm across. Even smaller flowers we find in southern
areas give off a wonderful sweet fragrance. If we voted for the champion of fragrant wild roses, R. multiflora would be the sure winner.
This is the rose famous for the roles it played as the ancestor of many cultivated roses, such as Multiflora Ramblers, Polyanthas, and Floribundas. It is also very familiar to us as commonly used rootstock in Japan. Fruits of R. multiflora are called 'Ei-jitsu', and have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for their strong diuretic effects